The field of immunometabolism has attracted growing attention in recent years due to the high potential for the development of cancer immunotherapies. Upon activation, T lymphocytes (T cells) undergo significant metabolic changes that allow them to mediate immune responses. Stimulating these and other immune cells has important outcomes beyond energy production (Fig. 1). A key
Scientists from Boston Children’s Hospital and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have used alpaca-derived nanobodies to create a novel approach to CAR T cell therapy that addresses the challenge of treating patients with solid tumor cancers. Currently, CAR-T cell immunotherapy has been applied to the treatment of non-solid tumors such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).